National projects of the Alash intelligence in the field of education


Views: 78 / PDF downloads: 7

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.32523/2616-7255-2024-146-1-67-86

Keywords:

Alash; autonomy; party; education, intelligentsia; 1920, school, project; alphabet; textbook.

Abstract

The article examines the foundations of the statehood of Alash autonomy, defined in the draft program of the national political party ”Alash”. The idea of establishing Kazakh statehood served as the foundation for several politically significant problems pertaining to the interests of the people in the party program. Prosperity was the route that the Alash intelligence suggested for the establishment of a state. The Science-Education agenda of the Alash party, as outlined in Section IX, provides the theoretical framework for the national educational objectives of intellectuals. Alash leaders carried out national projects for the advancement of science and education in the nation even after the Soviet Union came into power. Alash intellectuals focused a lot of attention on educational reform in the 1920s. In an effort to raise educational standards, Alash intellectuals formed new model schools and wrote the requisite manuals for all of the country's schools. The National Intelligence, which linked the new alphabet issue to education, also gave it some thought in the 1920s. It was essential to provide education on a national scale because Kazakh students attend national schools. Thus, the class ideology of the Bolsheviks and the nationalist ideology of the Alash engaged in an unyielding conflict during the early years of the Soviet regime.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abzhanov Kh., Alpeisov A. Kazakh intellectuals men madeniyeti turaly[ About the Kazakh intelligentsia and culture] (Almaty, 1992, 127 р.). [in Kazakh].

Aimauytov Zh. Emlenі оzgertuge zhoba [Is it possible to change the letters] 7 January (1924). [in Kazakh].

Akkululy S. Әlihan Bokejhan. Kazak zherіnіn zhokshysy [Alihan Bokeyhan. Protector of Kazakh land] (Astana, 2017, 550 p.). [in Kazakh].

Alash orda: Sbornik dokumentov [Alash orda: Collection of documents] (Alma-Ata, 1992, 192 p.). [in Russian].

Amanzholova D. Partija Alash: istorija i istoriografija [The Alash Party: history and historiography] (Semipalatinsk, 1993, 137 p). [in Russian].

Amanzholova D. Kazahskij avtonomizm i Rossija. Istorija dvizhenija Alash [Kazakh Autonomism and Russia. History of the Alash movement] (Moscow, 1994, 217 p.). [in Russian].

Bochagov A. Alash Orda. Kratkij istoricheskij ocherk o nacional'no-burzhuaznom dvizhenii v Kazahstane perioda 1917-1919 gg [Alash Orda. A brief historical essay on the national-bourgeois movement in Kazakhstan during the period of 1917-1919]. / / Safarov G. Kolonial'naja revoljucija (opyt Turkestana) [The Colonial Revolution (the experience of Turkestan)]. / Safarov G. (Almaty, 1996, 272 p.). [in Russian].

Bokeikhanov A. «Zhana mekteptі» shygaru nege kerek boldy? [Why do we need “New school”?]. №1, 3-6 (1925). [in Kazakh].

Brainin S., Timofeev N. O nacionalisticheskoj agenture japono-germanskoj razvedki (istoricheskaja spravka) [On the nationalist agents of the Japanese-German intelligence (historical reference)]. №. 9-10, 72-81 (1937). [in Kazakh].

Brynin S., Shafiro Sh. Ocherki po istorii Alash Ordy [Essays on the history of the Alash Horde]. (Alma-Ata–Moscow, 1935, 149 p.). [in Russian].

Dakhshleiger G. Oktjabr'skaja revoljucija i ugnetennye narody carskoj Rossii [The October Revolution and the oppressed peoples of Tsarist Russia]. (Moscow, 1967, 48 p.). [in Russian].

Ivanova L.V. Formirovanie sovetskoj nauchnoj intelligencii (1917-1927 gg.) [Formation of the Soviet scientific intelligence (1917-1927)]. (Moscow, 1982, 39 р.). [in Russian].

Kabulov I. Do konca vykorchevat' nacional-fashistskoe ohvost'e [To uproot the national fascist outpost to the end] №6-7, 72-76 (1937). [in Russian].

Kakishev T. Shyndykty burmalamaj, zhulmalamaj ajtajykshy! [Let's tell the truth without distorting it, without breaking it!]. №5 (1990). [in Kazakh].

Kalenova T.S. Zhүsіpbek Ajmauytov: қajratkerlіgі, agartushylygy, sajasi kozkarasy [Zhusupbek Aimautov: figure, enlightement, political views] (Almaty, 2022, 218 p.). [in Kazakh].

Kamzabekuly D. Alashtyn rukhani tugyry [Spiritual pedestal of Alash] (Almaty, 2008, 360 p). [in Kazakh].

Zhurtbay T. Uranym-Alash. Talky. Turme afsanasy. 3 T. [My Motto Is Alash. "Yes," he said. Prison Afsana] (Almaty, 2012, 646 p.) [in Kazakh].

Kara A. Mustafa Shokaj. Өmіrі. Kyresі. Shygarmashylygy [Mustafa Shokai. Life. Struggle. Creativity] (Almaty, 2004, 221 p.) [in Kazakh].

Karagusov Zh. Kazahskaja sovetskaja intelligencija, rozhdennaja Oktjabrem [Kazakh Soviet intelligentsia, born in October]. (Almaty, 1960, 142 p.) [in Russian].

Khansuvarov N. Latinizacija- orudie leninskoj nacional'noj politiki. [Romanization - A tool of Lenin's national policy]. (Moscow, 1932, 38 p.) [in Russian].

Koigeldiev M. Alash қozgalysy [Alash movement]. (Almaty, 1995, 368 р.) [in Kazakh].

Koigeldiev M. Kuandym tynde zhyrіp, kүn shygar dep. Ә. Bokejhanovtyn sajasi kozkarastary hakynda [I was glad to go at night and say that the sun would come out. A. Bukeikhanov's political views]. 14, 16, 17–January (1990). [in Kazakh].

Koigeldiev M., Omarbekov T. Tarikh tagylymy ne deidi?[ What the lessons of history say]. (Almaty, 1993, 205) [in Kazakh].

Kozybayev I. Istoriografija Kazahstana: uroki istorii [Historiography of Kazakhstan: history lessons]. (Alma-Ata, 1990, 134 p.) [in Russian].

Kozybayev M. Istorija i sovremennost' [History and modernity]. (Alma-Ata, 1991, 252) [in Russian].

Kul-Muhamed M. Programma «Alash»: fal'sifikacija i dejstvitel'nost' [The Alash program: falsification and reality]. (Almaty, 2000, 236 p.). [in Kazakh].

Madiyar. Zhasasyn Alash avtonomijasy! Korkejsіn alash! [Let's create Alash autonomy! Mat it prosper!] //«Kazak» gazetі (Қurastyrushylar: Ү. Subhanberdina, S. Dәuіtov, Қ. Sahov). [“Kazakh” newspaper (Compilers: U. Subkhanberdina, S. Dautov, K. Sakhov)]. (Almaty, 1998, p. 396.). [in Kazakh].

Mukanov S. XX gasyrdagy kazak adebietі: ultshyldyk, bajshyldyk dәuіrі [Kazakh literature of XX century: era of nationalism, wealt]. (Kyzylorda, 1932, 455 р.). [in Kazakh].

Zhana mektep [New School]. №7-8, 108-110 (1926). [in Kazakh].

Zhana mektep [New School]. №9-10, 85-89 (1926). [in Kazakh].

Zhana mektep [New School].№1, 5 (1928). [in Kazakh].

Zhana mektep [New School]. №9, 50 (1928). [in Kazakh].

Zhana mektep [New School]. №8, 38 (1929). [in Kazakh].

Nurpeyisov K. Alashorda tarihynyn zerttelui hakynda [About the research of Alash and Alashorda history]. № 1, 7-16 (1994). [in Kazakh].

Nurpeyisov K. Alash ham Alashorda [Alash and alashorda]. (Almaty, 1995, 253 р.) [in Kazakh].

Olcott M. B. Kazahi.-Kalifornija: Izdatel'stvo instituta Guver. Serija: issledovanija o narodah SSSR.[The Kazakhs.- California: Hoover Dam Institute. Series: research on the peoples of the USSR]. (1987). [in Russian].

Oraltay H. Alash-Tүrkіstan tүrkіlerіnіn ult-azattyk urany [Alash-the National Liberation motto of the Turks of Turkestan]. №8-10 (1991). [in Russian].

Sadvokasova Z. T. Nasledie alashskoj intelligencii po problemam prosveshhenija kazahskih detej (v kontekste kazahskoj gosudarstvennosti)[The legacy of the Alash intelligentsia on the problems of education of Kazakh children (in the context of Kazakh statehood)]. 4(3), 425–435 (2018). [in Russian].

Saktaganova Z.G., Omarova B.K., Ilyassova K.M., Nurligenova Z.N., Abzhapparova B.Zh., Zhalmurzina A.Zh., and Mazhitova Zh.S. The Alash Party: Historiography of the Movement. 7:4, 208-218 (2020).

Sarmurzin A., Grigoriev V. Bokejhanov zhane tarih shyndygy [Bukeikhanov and the truth of history]. July (1989). [in Kazakh].

Seifullin S. Tar zhol, tajgaқ keshu. 2-ret basyluy [Narrow road, survival from ice. 2nd edition]. (Almaty, 1936, 530 p). [in Kazakh].

Shayahmetov N. El - bүgіnshіl, menіkі – ertengі үshіn [The country is for today, mine is for tomorrow]. (Almaty, 2001, 148 p.) [in Kazakh].

Suzhikov M. Osobennosti Oktjabr'skoj socialisticheskoj revoljucii v Kazahstane [Features of the October Socialist Revolution in Kazakhstan]. (Alma-Ata, 1959, 96 p.) [in Russian].

Tastanov Sh. Yu. Sovetskij opyt formirovanija i razvitija intelligencii ranee otstalyh narodov [The Soviet experience of the formation and development of the intelligentsia of previously backward peoples]. (Alma-Ata, 1975, 186 p.) [in Russian].

Alashtyn talapty azamatyna! [To the demanding citizen of Alash!] (Almaty, 1998, 396 p.). [in Kazakh].

Tomohiko U. Evoljucija idei avtonomii Alash na volne obshherossijskih politicheskih sobytij do i vo vremja revoljucii [Evolution of the idea of autonomy of Alash on the wave of all-Russian political events before and during the revolution]. (Oral, 2017, 315–325 р.). [in Russian].

Downloads

Published

2024-03-30

How to Cite

Kalenova, T. ., Abdrakhmanova, G. ., & Kolumbaeva, Z. . (2024). National projects of the Alash intelligence in the field of education. Bulletin of L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University. Historical Sciences. Philosophy. Religious Studies Series., 146(1), 67–86. https://doi.org/10.32523/2616-7255-2024-146-1-67-86

Issue

Section

Historical Sciences