The problem of the development of land relations in northern Kazakhstan in the second quarter of the 19th – 50-60s of the 20th centuries: historiographic analysis
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Keywords:land relations; agrarian policy; Kazakh nomads; Northern Kazakhstan; resettlement; peasant colonization; plowing of virgin lands
The article presents a historiographical overview of the history of land relations in northern Kazakhstan in the period from the second quarter of the 19th century to the 50-60s of the 20th centuries. In the scientific study of the problem, the authors conventionally identify several periods, each of which differs not only in the thematic range of issues being studied, but also in the formulation of problems, and scientific approaches to assessing the state’s land policy. Following the principles of scientific objectivity and historicism, the authors consider the history of the study of land relations in the Northern regions of Kazakhstan as a process that has a certain direction and dynamics of development. The systematic approach used by the authors to the analysis of historical facts and events makes it possible to study land relations as an important component of the country's socio-economic system. Based on a critical analysis of the works of pre-revolutionary, Soviet and post-Soviet authors, it is concluded that the problem of the development of land relations in the northern region of Kazakhstan in the chronological period under consideration has not been fully studied from the standpoint of continuity and continuity of historical processes, from the point of view of the relationship between traditional and modernist views on this problem, as well as assessing the role of the local Kazakh population in the ongoing agrarian changes. The necessity of studying the history of land relations in the context of the theory of adaptation of Kazakh nomads to new economic conditions, which makes it possible to study the features and consequences of agrarian modernization in the region, is substantiated.
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Copyright (c) 2023 Kairbolat Zh. Nurbay, Galya А. Alpyspaeva, Khadisha A. Aubakirova
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