Epistemology of Ibn Sina: being and knowledge


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Authors

  • Madina Zhakan L. N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University
  • Raushan Imanzhusip L. N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.32523/2616-7255-2024-146-1-315-334

Keywords:

Falsafa; wujud; being; possibly existing being; necessary existing being; essence; causality; space; time; body; cognition.

Abstract

 This article examines the philosophical views of Ibn Sina, which are the highest peak of philosophy. In general, the main goal of the study is to analyze the philosophical teachings and views of the medieval scientist and physician Ibn Sina by presenting him as the first philosopher who systematized philosophy and brought it to highest peak. It also tells how the thinker viewed and studied philosophy as a science. That is, according to Ibn Sina, he believed that philosophy first considers being, and then studies the objects generated by being. The Thinker defines the essence as “Wujud”. And it proves that the necessary cause of Wujud is God. In the philosophical teachings of Ibn Sina, God is defined by the word Haq. The thinker does not consider the relationship between God and nature as a relationship between the creator and the created, but views them as an interacting cause-and-effect relationship.

Along with this, the article covers issues that, according to the thinker, are the main issues of philosophy. This is the problem of man, the essence, being, physical and spiritual development of man. This article also outlines issues such as spase, time, soul, body and issues of the general theory of knowledge. The thinker solved this problem on the basis of intelligence and practice. In practice, relying on what exists in objects of the external world, he deduces natural patterns from them. Experimental, sensory knowledge, according to Ibn Sina, is the first stage of knowledge of nature. At the same time, the thinker deeply and comprehensively explored the role and power of the senses in the process of cognition.

 

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Published

2024-03-29

How to Cite

Zhakan М., & Imanzhusip Р. (2024). Epistemology of Ibn Sina: being and knowledge. Bulletin of L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University. Historical Sciences. Philosophy. Religious Studies Series., 146(1), 315–334. https://doi.org/10.32523/2616-7255-2024-146-1-315-334

Issue

Section

Philosophy